- Portugal Is Said to Need $99 Billion Rescue; Ratings Cut. A bailout for Portugal may total as much as 70 billion euros ($99 billion), two European officials with direct knowledge of the matter said, as credit-rating cuts threatened to deepen Portugal’s debt woes. Preliminary calculations put the cost of a lifeline from 50 billion to 70 billion euros, said the officials, who declined to be named because the issue is confidential. Portugal continued to rule out a rescue after the parliament’s rejection of budget cuts led Prime Minister Jose Socrates to offer to quit. Downgrades by Fitch Ratings and Standard & Poor’s dealt a further blow, as European Union leaders called on Socrates and the opposition parties to unite behind belt-tightening measures that might spare Portugal from becoming the third euro country to tap emergency aid.
- NATO to Run No-Fly Zone While U.S.-Led Force Hits Qaddafi Troops. NATO agreed to take command of the Libya no-fly zone, stopping short of assuming responsibility for airstrike missions against Libyan ground forces that sparked discord within the 28-nation alliance. The limited agreement among members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization may delay a U.S. handoff of responsibility for strikes on Muammar Qaddafi’s fighters. The anti-Qaddafi coalition will continue to handle actions which don’t involve the no-fly zone, said NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen.
- VIX Heads for Biggest Six-Day Drop Since '08 as Japan Quake Concerns Abate. The benchmark measure of U.S. stock options completed its biggest six-day drop since November 2008 as concern that this month’s Japanese earthquake will curb global economic growth eased. The VIX, as the Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index is known, fell 6.1 percent to 18 at 4:15 p.m. New York time, extending its retreat since March 16 to 39 percent. That’s the biggest drop over the same number of days in 28 months. The VIX needed to fall below 17.53 to beat the six-day record set two months after Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.’s September 2008 bankruptcy sent stocks plunging. “This market is as remarkably resilient as any I’ve seen,” said Mike Shea, a managing partner and trader at Direct Access Partners LLC in New York. “We had a nuclear disaster in Japan and the Mideast two days from who-knows-what, and with that, you’d think the VIX would stay at 30.”
- EU Cuts Future Aid Fund's Start-Up Capital After Germany Balks. European Union leaders cut the startup capital for the future euro emergency aid mechanism after German demands to make smaller upfront payments stoked fresh concerns about Europe’s effort to quell the debt crisis. As speculation swirled that Portugal will be the next victim of the crisis, the leaders bowed to German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s call to pare the fund’s paid-in capital as of 2013 to 16 billion euros ($23 billion), less than the 40 billion euros foreseen in a March 21 accord.
- Japan Widens Evacuation Zone as Workers Push to Repair Reactor. Japan advised more people living close to a damaged nuclear plant to evacuate because basic goods are in short supply, while assuring them that radiation levels haven’t risen. The recommendation applies to residents living between 20 kilometers (12 miles) and 30 kilometers from the Fukushima Dai- Ichi facility, which was damaged by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. The government previously evacuated everyone living closer to the plant. "It’s becoming difficult for people to live a normal life and we can’t rule out the possibility of broadening the mandatory evacuation if radiation levels rise," Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano told reporters in Tokyo today.
- Yemenis Plan Opposing Protests in Defiance of Emergency Rule. Yemen’s strengthening opposition movement plans to march to the Presidential Palace and hold nationwide protests as government supporters pour into Sana’a, the capital, for a rally dubbed “Tolerance Friday.” The opposing demonstrations are in defiance of a ban on gatherings under the country’s emergency rule, proposed by President Ali Abdullah Saleh and backed two days ago by his loyalists in parliament.
- Banks to Lose Business to Hedge Funds on Rules, Telegraph Says. New bank regulations will cause business to move away from investment banks toward “non-bank” institutions such as hedge funds, private equity firms and pension funds that aren’t subject to the rules, the Daily Telegraph reported, citing a report by investment bank Morgan Stanley (MS) and consulting firm Oliver Wyman.
- Retiree Health-Plans' U.S. Subsidies May Run Out of Funds Later This Year. A $5 billion U.S. government fund to subsidize retiree health costs for employers including Johnson & Johnson, Alcoa Inc. (AA) and General Electric Co. (GE) may run out of money as soon as this year, a congressional report found. The health law President Barack Obama signed last year created the fund as a stop-gap measure to help keep people insured until 2014, when the measure creates a national system of subsidized plans for most Americans.
- Labor Faces New South Wales Vote 'Bloodbath' in Blow to Gillard. The Liberal-National coalition in New South Wales, Australia’s most populous state, is set to end 16 years of Labor Party rule in tomorrow’s election, making it harder for Prime Minister Julia Gillard to implement her plans. Kristina Keneally’s Labor state government will suffer its worst defeat in 110 years, according to a Galaxy poll of 1,000 people published in the Daily Telegraph newspaper today without a margin of error. A loss will mean three of Australia’s eight states and territories will be controlled by Liberal-National coalitions as Labor’s Gillard tries to win support to reduce carbon emissions and tax mining company profits.
- Patek Philippe's Stern Says Overinvesting in China Is a Mistake. “I’m not putting all my eggs in the same basket,” Stern said in an interview at the world’s largest watch fair in Basel, Switzerland, yesterday. “It’s a big mistake I think that a few brands are doing by going only in China. They focus everything on China and it’s dangerous.” Beijing’s communist government this week moved to ban outdoor advertising that promotes lavish lifestyles in the Chinese capital, as it faces a widening gap between rich and poor in a nation where 150 million people live on less than $1 a day.
- Japan: The Business Aftershocks. Japan's devastating combination of earthquake, tsunami and nuclear accident was a wakeup call reminding companies across the world just how much they rely on the island nation.
- Bahrain Says Meddling by Iran Risks 'Conflict'. Bahrain gave its sternest warning yet to Iran to keep out of its affairs, saying an escalation in the two countries' dispute over Bahrain's recent crackdown on political unrest could even lead to "conflict." The threat from Iran could increase "to any level" at a time of deep divisions between Iran and its Arab neighbors in the Persian Gulf region, Bahrain's foreign minister Sheik Khalid bin Ahmed Al Khalifa said in an interview.
- IMF To Soon Activate Special Funding Pool. The International Monetary Fund is expected to soon activate a supplementary funding pool to boost resources available for lending in Europe and elsewhere, raising the pool by several hundred billion dollars. Activation of the New Arrangement to Borrow, or NAB, is in anticipation of an expected wave of possible new IMF programs, one person familiar with the matter said. The resource pool, the IMF says, is "to forestall or cope with an impairment of the international monetary system or to deal with an exceptional situation that poses a threat to the stability of that system." It's essentially a mechanism for the IMF to borrow from a group of countries if it thinks it may need extra resources beyond its conventional reserves saved up through member dues. For example, the U.S., Japan and China have promised to lend the several hundred billion dollars to the facility above their required contributions for the kitty. Last year, the IMF agreed to provide around one-third of any possible European bailouts, boosting the effective capacity of Europe's proposed bailout fund of a half-trillion euros. The IMF has since then already signed up to take part in joint European Union programs dealing with Greece and Ireland. Although Portugal has made no formal request for IMF aid, analysts and economists say rejection by the parliament of a belt-tightening budget earlier this week all but sealed the likelihood Lisbon will need to request aid from the IMF and the European Union. Economists estimate that Portugal would need around $60 billion to $75 billion over the next three years to meet its debt obligations and potentially recapitalize its banks. The person familiar with the matter said that the aid fund could also be tapped for a potential increase in the loan amount for Greece, in addition to extending Athens's repayment schedule, as some officials in Europe are concerned that it's not credible enough. Also, other peripheral countries may need IMF help and the fund will want to assure markets that it has the firepower to handle even a core European country, such as Spain or Italy, in a worst-case scenario.
- A Nation of Dropouts Shakes Europe.
- Spain Takes Turn in Debt Spotlight. Portugal's admission that it will probably need a financial bailout raises a question that will shape the outcome of the euro zone's debt crisis: Is Spain next? The cost of saving Spain, a €1.1 trillion ($1.56 trillion) economy, would dwarf previous bailouts and could test the financial strength of Europe as a whole. But if Spain can continue to repair investors' trust, as in recent weeks, then Europe stands a chance of containing the debt crisis to three countries, Greece, Ireland and Portugal, whose combined economies are half the size of Spain's.
- Fed Would Have Turned Down ANY BofA(BAC) Dividend Bump. Bank of America Corp. had its plan for a “modest” second-half dividend increase rejected last Friday by the Federal Reserve. But how did the bank define “modest”? The Charlotte, N.C. lender requested that the current penny a share payout go to three cents and then four, the amount increasing in stages over time, said people familiar with the proposal. That’s nothing compared to the 20-cent per share dividend boost J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. announced last Friday with the Fed’s approval. (Just before the financial crisis, Bank of America had paid out as much as 64 cents a share in quarterly dividends.) What Bank of America didn’t anticipate: the Fed would be unmoved by the modesty of the amount. The Fed, according to another person familiar with the situation, wasn’t going to approve an increase of any amount. The position the Fed took with Bank of America was different than the “no” the Fed gave to Capital One Financial Corp. The smaller McLean, Va. bank had its dividend hike rejected because it asked for a larger increase than the Fed was willing to give, said people familiar with the situation. Bank of America officials were caught off guard by the Fed’s rejection, according to people familiar with the matter. Executives had the impression the Fed wouldn’t reject its dividend blueprint outright because the bank hadn’t asked for a second quarter increase like many of its rivals, these people said.
- A Very Bad Year. And it'll only get worse, unless ObamaCare is repealed or struck down. A year ago today President Obama signed into law the broadest, most expensive, most intrusive health-care bill in our history. So we the people are subject to a 2,700-page law that will cost us nearly $1 trillion over 10 years and will put the federal government, in charge of everyone's medical care. The bill appropriates in advance some $100 billion from now until 2020, making it more difficult for future Congresses or Presidents to defund it. The bill creates some 159 new government agencies to administer health care. As of Jan. 1, 2014, unless it is repealed, health care will be run, controlled, and totally supervised by Washington.
- The Speech Obama Hasn't Given. What are we doing in Libya? Americans deserve an explanation. It all seems rather mad, doesn't it? The decision to become involved militarily in the Libyan civil war couldn't take place within a less hospitable context. The U.S. is reeling from spending and deficits, we're already in two wars, our military has been stretched to the limit, we're restive at home, and no one, really, sees President Obama as the kind of leader you'd follow over the top.
- Radiation Could Boost Japan's Food Imports. Radiation seeping into the food chain from Japan’s crippled nuclear power plants is raising expectations that the nation needs to boost imports to safely feed its 125 million citizens.
- US Equities Are Cheap, 'Under-Invested': Larry Fink. BlackRock(BLK) CEO Larry Fink isn't surprised by the recent climb in U.S. equities, as the asset class remains "very cheap," he told CNBC Thursday.
- Dennis Gartman: Heed Outside Reversal in Gold.
- G.E.'s(GE) Strategies Let It Avoid Taxes Altogether. , the nation’s largest corporation, had a very good year in 2010. The company reported worldwide profits of $14.2 billion, and said $5.1 billion of the total came from its operations in the United States. Its American tax bill? None. In fact, G.E. claimed a tax benefit of $3.2 billion. That may be hard to fathom for the millions of American business owners and households now preparing their own returns, but low taxes are nothing new for G.E. The company has been cutting the percentage of its American profits paid to the for years, resulting in a far lower rate than at most multinational companies.
- Postal Service: 7,500 Workers, $20,000 Buyouts. The Postal Service is offering a $20,000 buyout to thousands of veteran workers as part of its bid to eliminate 7,500 administrative jobs, the agency announced Thursday. The struggling agency also announced plans to shutter seven district offices.
- Understanding Japan's Disasters by Mohamed A. El-Erian. Japan’s reconstruction challenge will likely be more difficult than after the Kobe earthquake. Negative wealth and income effects this time around will be more severe, and the recovery process will probably take longer and be more complex. Japan's disasters will add to the global economy’s headwinds.
- Corporate Welfare by John Stossel. In America today, the biggest recipients of handouts are not poor people. They're corporations. General Electric CEO Jeffrey R. Immelt is super-close to President Obama. The president named Immelt chairman of his Council on Jobs and Competitiveness. Before that, Immelt was on Obama's Economic Recovery Advisory Board. He's a regular companion when Obama travels abroad to hawk American exports. (Why does business need government to do that?) "Jeff Immelt is perhaps the CEO who is most cozy with President Obama," says journalist Tim Carney. "General Electric is structuring their business around where government is going ... high-speed rail, solar, wind. GE is lining up to get what government is handing out."
- Frank Isn't Buying Case on Libya. Barney Frank says President Obama’s reasoning for attacking Libya without going to Congress first isn’t good enough. Frank, the liberal congressman from Massachusetts, said “consultations are no substitute” for seeking Congress’s permission to go to war. “Consultations, schmonsultations,” Frank said. Frank also didn’t buy Carney’s argument on Thursday that Obama couldn’t ask Congress to go to war because doing so would have given Muammar Qadhafi time to slaughter Libyans in Benghazi. “They should have asked earlier,” Frank argued, also suggesting that publicizing a request for war could have even spooked Qadhafi.
- Economic Stress Index is Lower Than January 2010. See Best, Worst Counties. Lower unemployment and fewer bankruptcies helped reduce the nation’s economic stress in January compared with a year earlier, according to The Associated Press’ monthly analysis. Midwestern and Southeastern states posted the strongest gains year over year, thanks to increased manufacturing, the AP’s Economic Stress Index shows.
- Chinese activist Liu Xianbin was sentenced to 10 years in prison for inciting subversion of state power, citing Liu's wife. Liu had posted online articles calling for street protests and democratic reforms.
- Oracle(ORCL) Signals Strong Tech Spend, Shares Rise. Oracle Corp forecast a 4 to 14 percent rise in sales of new software this quarter and hiked its dividend by a fifth, fueling hopes that a global resurgence in technology spending remains intact. The business software maker run by flamboyant billionaire Larry Ellison again delivered quarterly results and forecasts that beat Wall Street expectations, sending its shares 3.5 percent higher. "It's green lights across the board," said Richard Davis, an analyst at Canaccord Genuity who has a 'buy' rating on the stock.
- Spain's Savings Banks Held Talks With Hedge Funds - FT. Spain's struggling saving's banks, or cajas, have held talks with major hedge funds and private equity groups to try to raise 15 billion euros ($21 billion) in fresh capital to avoid a bail-out, the Financial Times said on Friday. U.S. hedge fund Paulson & Co and buy-out groups Cerberus and Apax Partners have held meetings with several cajas to discuss possible investments, the paper said.
- RIM's(RIMM) Outlook Disappoints, Shares Tumble. Blackberry maker Research In Motion on Thursday warned its earnings would slip as it spends heavily on the launch of its PlayBook tablet, sending its shares tumbling as much as 12 percent. While the Canadian technology company's net profit in the quarter ended in February jumped 32 percent, and it shipped a solid number of its BlackBerry smartphones, investor attention zoomed in on its less-than-rosy forecasts for the current quarter. "The February quarter was fine. The May quarter guidance -- shocking might be too strong a word -- but it was very weak," said Matthew Thornton, an analyst at Avian Securities.
- Brazil's Housing Carnival Stokes Bubble Worries. Listening to Jose Carlos de Vasconcellos talk about Rio de Janeiro's property market is like being transported back to the bubble days in the United States or Europe.
- Accenture(ACN) Raises Outlook, Shares Rise. Technology outsourcing and consulting firm Accenture raised its outlook for the full year, reflecting a recovery in corporate investment, and its shares rose 5.6 percent.
- Gates Calls for Syrian Forces to Move Aside. Syria should follow Egypt’s lead and the Syrian army should “empower a revolution”, Robert Gates, US secretary of defence, argued as thousands marched in a southern city. Mr Gates made his comments – some of the toughest remarks to date by a US official about the rule of Bashar al-Assad, Syria’s president – on a day of further upheaval in the Middle East and beyond.
- US Banks in 'Cash for Keys' Foreclosure Talks. The five biggest US mortgage servicers were told this week at a private meeting with regulators to consider paying delinquent borrowers up to $21,000 each as part of a broader settlement of the foreclosure crisis. People who attended the meeting, chaired by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation on Monday, said the industry-wide “cash for keys” programme would involve the biggest servicers, led by Bank of America(BAC), paying borrowers as an incentive to leave their homes.
- Samsung Electronics Co. will raise contract prices of DRAM chips, after the earthquake in Japan disrupted supplies of silicon wafers.
- Japan may raise the danger level of the Fukushima nuclear crisis to 6 from 5 on an international scale of 1 to 7. That would exceed the level of the Three Mile Island accident, which was rated 5.
- China's consumer prices may rise about 5% in March from a year earlier, citing a report by the pricing department of the National Development and Reform Commission. In the first half, consumer prices may rise 4.8% to 5%.
- China's State Information Center proposed to gradually expand the home purchase limits to the whole nation within three years, citing a report from the Center's economic forecast department.
- The China Banking Regulatory Commission is investigating loans made by banks to the railway ministry on credit risk concerns, citing a person close to the commission.
- China's crude steel demand may rise as much as 50 million tons in 2011 compared to the previous year, citing Liu Yinan, vice chairman of the China Chamber of Commerce of Metals, Minerals and Chemicals Importers and Exporters.
- China should be watchful of Japan's quantitative easing policies after the earthquake as there is a high possibility of a debt crisis in Japan and yen depreciation, China Citic Bank Corp.'s Vice President Cao Tong wrote. If quantitative easing becomes long-term monetary policy for Japan and other developed countries, it will have a large impact on China and other emerging countries, Cao wrote.
- Upgraded (CLP) to Buy, target raised to $22.
- Reiterated Buy on (PCLN), boosted estimates, raised target to $610.
- Downgraded (BBY) to Sell, target $27.
- Reiterated Buy on (CPO), target $60, added to Top Picks Live list.
- Rated (HOG) Outperform, target $48.
- Rated (BC) Outperform, target $29.
- Asian equity indices are +.25% to +1.0% on average.
- Asia Ex-Japan Investment Grade CDS Index 113.0 -2.0 basis points.
- Asia Pacific Sovereign CDS Index 117.0 unch.
- S&P 500 futures +.31%.
- NASDAQ 100 futures +.40%.
Earnings of Note
- None of note
8:30 am EST
- Final 4Q GDP is estimated to rise +3.0% versus a prior estimate of a +2.8% gain.
- Final 4Q GDP Price Index is estimated to rise +.4% versus a prior estimate of a +.4% gain.
- Final 4Q Core PCE is estimated to rise +.5% versus a prior estimate of a +.5% gain.
- Final 4Q Personal Consumption is estimated to rise +4.1% versus a prior estimate of a +4.1% gain.
- Final Univ. of Mich. Consumer Confidence for March is estimated to fall to 68.0 versus a prior estimate of 68.2.
- None of note
- The Fed's Kocherlakota speaking and the Fed's Evans speaking could also impact trading today.